The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge joint that connects the lower jaw to the temporal bone of the skull, which is in front of the ear on each side of your head. The joints are flexible, allowing the jaw to move smoothly up and down and side to side and enabling you to talk, chew, and yawn. Muscles attached to and surrounding the jaw joint control the position and movement of the jaw.
Injury to the jaw, temporomandibular joint, or muscles of the head and neck can cause temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Other possible causes include:
- Grinding or clenching the teeth
- Dislocation of the soft cushion or disc between the ball and socket
- Presence of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis in the TMJ
- Stress, which can cause a person to tighten facial and jaw muscles or clench the teeth
If you are experiencing pain or suffering from any of these symptoms, you may have TMD. Please contact us for a consultation and we can help find a plan that is right for you.